Majority of the time, nasopharyngeal cancer is diagnosed only when patients visit their doctors due to certain symptoms like a lump in the area along the neck. There are more than one xét nghiệm ung thư vòm họng or general health examinations that can be done in order to determine when a patient really does have nasopharyngeal cancer.
Physical Exam and Medical History
A patient that displays certain signs or symptoms associated with nasopharyngeal cancer will need to show their entire physical and medical history to the doctor or specialist handling their case; through these files, medical professionals can deduce if there are possible risk factors in terms of the condition as well as the medication. Physical exams will include special tests on the neck and head area; nose, throat, mouth, lymph nodes, facial muscles, you name it. The doctors might even suggest image tests like MRIs or CT scans just to be sure.
Exams Conducted on the Nasopharynx
The nasopharynx is a part of our body located deep inside the head, thus you can’t really see it unless special methods and techniques are implemented, like the two below:
- Indirect Nasopharyngoscopy – a special mirror, which is quite small, will be used alongside lights. They will be placed at the back of the patient’s throat which lets the doctors examine the nasopharynx and the areas surrounding it.
- Direct Nasopharyngoscopy – a fiber-optic scope, which is called the nasopharyngoscope is used; this tool is lighted, flexible and has a narrow tube which is inserted through the nose. This small tool allows doctors a direct look into the lining of the nasopharynx. A numbing medicine will be applied to the patient’s nose before the examination actually begins in order to make the process a lot easier. Direct nasopharyngoscopy is the go-to method when testing for nasopharyngeal cancer.